The POMED Wire

A Quick Look at Egypt’s New State of Emergency Measures

By Jenna Amlani In the wake of the April 9 Palm Sunday bombings in Tanta and Alexandria, the Egyptian government responded with a number of legal measures aimed at strengthening the country’s ability to fight terrorism. President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi declared a three-month nationwide state of emergency, which was unanimously approved by Parliament two days later. This is the first time a nationwide state of emergency has been imposed since Egypt adopted a new constitution in 2014. After a state of emergency has been in effect for three months, it can only be extended by two-thirds parliamentary approval. The House

Saudi Arabia’s Human Rights Record: Then and Now

By Michael Marinelli On March 14, President Donald Trump met with Saudi Arabia’s Deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, after which the White House described its “support for a strong, broad, and enduring strategic partnership.” A statement from the Saudi government said that U.S.-Saudi “relations had undergone a period of difference of opinion,” but the meeting “has put things on the right track and marked a significant shift in relations.” At least publicly, the Trump administration has signaled little interest in the human rights situation in Saudi Arabia. But, an comparison of U.S. government and prominent rights organization reports from

Sen. Rubio Highlights Egypt Human Rights Abuses, Demands Aya Hijazi’s Release

In a speech on the floor of the Senate on April 4, Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) highlighted Egypt’s troubling human rights record. Sen. Rubio met with Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ahead of the speech, and acknowledged Egypt’s efforts to fight the Islamic State. He said “I believe [Egypt’s human rights record] is at its worst in decades, and that is saying something.” He added, “These abuses … are actually conducive to jihadi ideaology,” and that people are more attracted to militancy “when they feel they are being mistreated.” He also reiterated his call for the immediate release of American

Yemen in Washington: A Round-Up of Recent Expert Events

By Finn Quigley For more than two years, civil war has devastated Yemen, the Arab world’s poorest country and a focus of Washington’s counterterrorism strategy. Three events held in Washington in February and March 2017 examined obstacles to peace, the role of Iran and Saudi Arabia in the conflict, and U.S. policy toward Yemen under the Trump administration. Background  In 2011, following mass demonstrations, Yemen’s former President Ali Abdullah Saleh was forced to step down after 33 years in power. The post-Saleh transition process failed, however, and war broke out in September 2014 when Houthi rebels, allied with their former adversary

Proposed Cuts to Foreign Affairs Budget Meet Resistance

On March 4, White House Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney confirmed that the Trump administration will propose “fairly dramatic” cuts to the foreign aid budget in order to help offset the proposed $54 billion increase in defense spending. The United States spends just over $50 billion each year on the State Department and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), compared to at least $600 billion on the Pentagon annually, Reuters reported. Mulvaney said that the budget “prioritizes rebuilding the military, including restoring our nuclear capabilities, protecting the nation and securing the border,” and that the subsequent cuts would

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