The POMED Wire

Libyan Prime Minister to Head Emergency Government; Militia Takes Over US Embassy

LIBYAPhoto Credit: Associated Press

Despite the resignation of Libya’s interim government last Thursday, the House of Representatives has reappointed Abdullah al-Thani as Prime Minister and called on him to form an emergency government within two weeks. The interim government has been trying to “ensure the continuity of services from afar” by selecting al-Thani as the head of a new cabinet. Meanwhile, the government announced that it lost control of its ministries to rival militias occupying Tripoli this weekend. In a statement, the House accused the Islamist-backed Libya Dawn coalition of “effectively locking the elected government out of the capital.” All ministries, the central bank, and state-owned oil company National Oil Corp are located within Tripoli.

In addition, Libya Dawn took over the US embassy and residential compound in Tripoli on Sunday. A video released on Sunday showed unidentified Libyan militia members diving into a swimming pool on the residential compound. The property was left under the protection of Libyan guards after the American Embassy evacuated the country in July. Though it did not appear as though the embassy had been overrun or looted, a senior State Department official called for continued monitoring of the situation. Analyst Karim Mezran played down …

Yemen: President Dismisses Cabinet, Reconsiders Subsidy Cut

 Photo Credit: AP Photo

After deliberating with government representatives and Parliament members, Yemeni President Abdrabuh Monsur Hadi decided Tuesday to dismiss the Cabinet and the Prime Minister, and partially reinstate recently cut fuel subsidies. Despite these concessions, rebel spokesman Mohammed Abdel-Salam was quoted as saying, “We are not giving in…but we will also not shut the door to dialogue.” The Houthis, a Shiite rebel group based in northern Yemen, mobilized massive civil protests in Yemen’s capital of Sana’a on Monday and over the past few weeks, tapping into popular anger against the government and its decision in July to cut fuel subsidies. The group has called for the government to step down, chanting “the people want the regime to fall” during their protests in the capital.

Amid the tension, continued violence between the Houthi rebels and pro-government tribesmen this weekend killed at least 21 people in northern Yemen.

Journalist Tom Finn described the Houthis’ recent behavior as “ambitious” and suggests it represents a departure from tribal politics for a more nationalist politics. Meanwhile, Dayna Greenfeild and Svetlana Milbert suggested that the government missed a “valuable opportunity” by not anticipating the economic problems that forced the subsidy cuts; a failure which …

Libya’s Interim Government Resigns

Photo Credit: Hamza Turkia

Just days after Islamists called for the General National Congress to reconvene and create a rival Islamist-dominated administration, Libya’s interim government resigned Thursday afternoon to allow the elected parliament to form a new government. The cabinet, led by Prime Minister Abdulla al-Thani, had been operating in the eastern part of the country in order to avoid Islamist militias in Tripoli. In its resignation statement, the House of Representatives said it hoped that a new government could be formed “representing all Libyan people [...] capable of re-establishing security and building a lawful state.”

Deborah Jones, the US Ambassador to Libya, said that despite the complicated turn of events the US “remains committed to working with the elected parliament, with the government of Libya, and with all Libyans.” In addition, she called for Libyans to “first try to reach a ceasefire agreement that will allow the parties to come together and build a kind of political consensus without which there would not be peace and stability in Libya.” Meanwhile, Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi asserted that “although Egypt is the side most affected by the deteriorating political and security situation in Libya, it is committed not to …

Tunisia: AFRICOM Announces $60 Million in Military Aid

Photo Credit: SLD Info

General David Rodriguez, commander of U.S. Africa Command, announced that the U.S. will send Tunisia $60 million of military aid in the upcoming year to “fight Islamist militants who are threatening the country’s nascent democracy.” In a statement at the U.S. Embassy in Tunis, he explained, “Because Tunisia and the United States face a common enemy, we must cooperate together to confront and defeat the threat of terrorism.” A press release from the Tunisian Defense Ministry quoted him as saying that ‘‘Tunisia is aware of security challenges, which are a shared international and regional responsibility.’’ The aid package is reported to consist of training, boats, and equipment to detect improvised explosive devices. This announcement follows a recent donation from the U.S. of $14 million of military equipment to the Ministry of the Interior. Prime Minister Mehdi Jomaa also met with Rodriguez on Tuesday to discuss military and security cooperation.

Meanwhile, candidate registration for the upcoming legislative elections opened [Fr] on August 22 and will continue through August 29. Parties and alliances can register lists of candidates by district, and individuals can register independently. Preliminary candidate lists for the legislative elections will be published by …

POMED Notes: “ISIS, Radicalization, and the Politics of Violence and Alienation”

On Thursday, August 28 2014, The Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID) hosted a panel discussion at the National Press Club on “ISIS, Radicalization, and the Politics of Violence and Alienation.” John Esposito of Georgetown University, Michael O’Hanlon of the Brookings Institution, Michele Dunne of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and Shadi Hamid of the Brookings Institution were invited to speak at the conference with William Lawrence of CSID moderating.

For the full notes, continue reading or click here for the PDF.

Opening the event, John Esposito began by offering a background on ISIS in Syria and the US government’s reluctance to respond early to help the opposition groups. He explained how the collective failure to band together and unite against ISIS, coupled with GCC funding of jihadist proxy, wars only worsened the situation. He then teased out the main goal of ISIS, which is to create a state to govern and impose its version of a trans-national Caliphate. Most importantly, Esposito touched on the question of whether or not he thought religion was a primary driver for ISIS. While Islam is an important factor, Esposito argued that it is not the primary factor driving ISIS

Featuring Recent Posts WordPress Widget development by YD