After Cairo: From the Vision of the Cairo Speech to Active Support for Human Dignity
Project on Middle East Democracy, January 2010.
Edited by Andrew Albertson, Barak Hoffman, Tuqa Nusairat
The election of President Obama offers a genuine opportunity to repair the badly damaged image of the United States in the Middle East. In the first six months of his presidency, Middle Eastern publics held surprisingly positive views of Obama. Nevertheless, they remain skeptical of American policy.
Engaging Middle Eastern youth will be critical to improving relations with the region. To solicit concrete recommendations on how the Obama administration can turn its ideas into substantive policies, we hosted a series of dialogues with young Arab and American leaders in Jordan, Egypt, and Lebanon in the fall of 2009.
Generally, the conference participants were more comfortable with active U.S. engagement to support democratic reforms under President Obama than they were under President Bush.
The participants support the four human dignity themes President Obama raised in his Cairo speech in June 2009 and offer 56 recommendations for how the U.S. can positively impact those goals:
- Democracy. Participants call for greater U.S. attention to upcoming elections, including support for international observers and reforms of districting provisions and counter-terrorism laws.
- Religious Freedom. Participants emphasize freedom of political participation by religious persons, freedom of religious debate and institutional life, and freedom of individual practice.
- Women’s Rights. Participants recommend the administration move beyond economic empowerment to include mechanisms for supporting women’s social and political empowerment.
- Human Development. Participants stress that addressing the political roots of economic stagnation, such as corruption, is fundamental to advancing human development in the region.
Public opinion polling demonstrates broad support in majority Muslim countries for the human dignity goals President Obama raised in his Cairo speech. However, substantive actions will be needed in order to shift perceptions of American policy, and the administration has yet to follow through on the vision of the Cairo speech. Post-Cairo initiatives have been limited, largely symbolic, and slow to emerge.
The opportunity to durably shift opinions of the U.S. is fading. The perception is mounting that President Obama has said the right words, but is unwilling or unable to offer substantive new policies to support the aspirations of people in the Middle East.